Trade Unions under MRTU AND PULP ACT, 1972

Industrial law or labour law in India looks after the laws relating to jobs and work of the people. The MRTU and PULP ACT, 1971 that is Maharashtra Recognition of the Trade Unions and Prevention of Unfair Labour Practices Act ,1971. Government resolution, Industries, and labour department,1968 The “Committee on Unfair Labour Practices” was appointed by the Government of Maharashtra. The aim of “Committee on Unfair Labour Practices” was to define employee’s and employer’s activities and organisations which shall be treated under unfair labour practices. And what action should be taken against employees and employers, or their organisations, for participating under such practices. Based on this report presented by the committee the act of Maharashtra Act I of 972 was enacted. It soon received assent from president on 13th January 1972, and on 1st February 1972, it was published in Maharashtra government Gazette Part IV.[1]

MRTU and PULP act was sanctioned by the government of India, to attain the objective of considerate relations between employee and the employer in the industries. This particular act resolves on the occurrence of the strike, lockout, illegally declared, economizing, terminating a workman, disputes between employee and employer. In all these situations, Industrial act can be helpful to resolve any such inconvenience between employee and he employer.

Rights of employees are safeguarded by Labour Laws, principal purpose being to deliver employee safe working place, physical safety, and mental peace. Objectives of Maharashtra Recognition of the Trade Unions and Prevention of Unfair Labour Practices Act ,1971 are mentioned in the preamble of the Act, they are to offer rights of trade unions, to abolish industrial disputes, to prevention against certain ULPs, to provide announcing of lockouts and strikes, to provide powers to unrecognized unions, to provide a safeguard to unions, to consensus recognition to trade unions, to enforce this act.

“Union” means a trade union of employees, which is registered under the Trade Unions Act, 1926.[2] Objectives of trade union is to ensure security of workers, to obtain better economic return, to secure power to influence management, and to secure power to influence government. Trade unions can be beneficial as they are the one to influence government to pass labour legislation for the beneficial of the employees and employers. They are the one to make sure that everyone gets wages hike at periodic intervals, bonus at higher rate, other admissible benefits, allowances, travelling expenses etc.

Few functions of trade union are to ensure fair wages for workers, to work for collective bargaining, to improve working and living conditions, to enlarge opportunity for promotion and training, to provide education cultural and recreational opportunities, to promote individual and collective welfare etc.

Properties of trade unions are that:

  1. “A union is a part of working-class movement. They normally represent many companies in the industry.
  2. A union is an employer regulating device. It sharpens management, efficiency, a union is a and performance, while protecting the interests of the members.
  3. A union is a political institution in its structure and procedures.
  4. A union is a pressure organisation originating in the desire on the part of the group with relatively little power to influence the action of a group with relatively more power.”[3]


[2] Section 3 Clause 17 of MRTU& PULP Act, 1971


Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

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