Salient Features of GST in India

The salient features of GST in India have been highlighted below:

1. Supply as the base: GST would be applicable on “supply” of goods or services as against the erstwhile concept of tax on the manufacture of goods or on sale of goods or on provision of services.

2. Destination-based tax: As opposed to the previous principle of origin-based taxation, GST would be based on the principle of destination-based consumption taxation.

 3. Dual GST: The Centre and the States would simultaneously levy tax on a common base. The GST to be levied by the Centre would be called Central GST (CGST) and the GST to be levied by the States (including Union territories with legislature) would be called State GST (SGST). Union territories without legislature would levy Union territory GST (UTGST).

 4. Inter-State supply: An integrated GST (IGST) would be levied on inter-State supply of goods or services. This would be collected by the Centre so that the credit chain is not disrupted. Imports of goods and services would be treated as inter-State supplies and would be subject to IGST. (This would be in addition to applicable customs duties).

5. Central taxes subsumed: GST would subsume the following taxes that were levied and collected by the Centre: Central excise duty; Additional duties of excise; Additional duties of customs (commonly known as countervailing duty); special additional duty of customs (SAD); service tax; and cesses and surcharges insofar as they relate to supply of goods or services.

 6. State taxes subsumed: GST would subsume the following taxes that were levied and collected by the State: State VAT; Central Sales Tax; purchase tax; luxury tax; entry tax; entertainment tax (except those levied by the local bodies); taxes on advertisements; taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling; and State cesses and surcharges insofar as they relate to supply of goods or services.

7. Applicability: GST would apply to all goods and services except alcohol for human consumption. GST on five specified petroleum products (crude, petrol, diesel, aviation turbine fuel, natural gas) would be applicable from a date to be recommended by the GST Council.

8. Threshold for GST: A common threshold exemption would apply to both CGST and SGST. Taxpayers with an annual turnover of ` 20 lakh (` 10 lakh for special category States (except J&K) as specified in article 279A of the Constitution) would be exempt from GST. A compounding option (i.e. to pay tax at a flat rate without credits) would be available to small taxpayers (including to manufacturers other than specified category of manufacturers and service providers) having an annual turnover of up to ` 1 crore (` 75 lakh for special category States (except J&K and Uttarakhand) enumerated in article 279A of the Constitution). The threshold exemption and compounding scheme is optional.

 9. Exports: All exports and supplies to Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and SEZ units would be zero-rated.

 10. Input tax credit: Credit of CGST paid on inputs may be used only for paying CGST on the output and the credit of SGST/UTGST paid on inputs may be used only for paying SGST/ UTGST. In other words, the two streams of input tax credit (ITC) cannot be cross utilized, except in specified circumstances of inter-State supplies for payment of IGST. (For details, see the Chapter on Input Tax Credit).

11. Electronic filing of returns: There will be electronic filing of returns by different class of persons at different cut-off dates. Various modes of payment of tax available to the taxpayer including internet banking, debit/credit card and National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT)/Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS).

12. Tax deduction on payment made: While the provision for TDS has not been notified yet, it is obligatory on certain persons including government departments, local authorities and government agencies, who are recipients of supply, to deduct tax at the rate of 1% from the payment made or credited to the supplier where total value of supply, under a contract, exceeds ` 2,50,000.

13. Tax collection at source by E-commerce operators: While the provision for TCS has not been notified yet,it is obligatory for electronic commerce operators to collect ‘tax at source’, at such rate not exceeding 2% of net value of taxable supplies, out of payments to suppliers supplying goods or services through their portals.

14. Refund: Refund of tax can be sought by taxpayer or by any other person who has borne the incidence of tax within two years from the relevant date. Refund is to be granted within 60 days from the date of receipt of complete application and interest is payable if refund is not sanctioned within 60 days.

 15. Anti-profiteering clause: An anti-profiteering clause has been provided in order to ensure that business passes on the benefit of reduced tax incidence on goods or services or both to the consumers.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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