Essential conditions for granting maintenance

There are some essential conditions which should be fulfilled for claiming and granting maintenance

Sufficient means to maintain the person

If any person has sufficient means for maintenance, then it is his duty to maintain his wives, children and parents. If sufficient means are not available, then it will be a perfect and valid defence for people who are legally bound for maintenance of wife, children and parents.

Neglect or refusal to maintain

Any person neglects or refuses to maintain his wives, children and parents in malafide intention or in any type of egoistic behaviour on the demand for maintenance by them.

The person who claims maintenance must be unable to maintain himself/herself

It is a very important condition for granting maintenance that a person who is claiming maintenance must be unable to maintain himself/herself. For example- If a wife is earning well, then she can not claim maintenance under this Section. In the case of Abdulmunaf v Salima, it was held that the wife who is hale and healthy and is sufficiently educated to earn for herself but refuses to earn from own and claim maintenance from her husband will be entitled to claim maintenance but that her refusal to earn under the circumstances would disentitle her to get complete amount of maintenance.

Special provision for maintenance of minor married girl

If the husband of a minor daughter does not have sufficient means to maintain her, then it is the duty of her father to give maintenance. In these circumstances, married minor daughter is entitled to get maintenance from the father. In the case of Alok Banerjee v Atoshi Banerjee, a person who is unable to maintain themselves.

Quantum of maintenance

Quantum of maintenance means the amount of maintenance. Quantum of maintenance depends on the standard of living. For example- If any issues raised in a rich family, then demand for maintenance will be more as compared to poor family according to their standard of living in a prior life.

In simple words, the Court should also make sure that whether maintenance granted is justified according to the status of a family or not

Procedure for maintenance

Section 126 of Cr.PC deals with “Procedure for maintenance”. This Section says the following:

  • Proceeding under Section 125 may be taken in the following district:
  • Where he is, or
  • Where he or his wife resides, or
  • Where he last resided with his wife or mother of an illegitimate child.
  • Evidence to be taken in the presence of a person against whom maintenance is to be ordered.
  • If a person is wilfully avoiding summons, then ex-parte evidence is taken in that case.

Alteration in allowance

Alteration in allowance means an order to increase, decrease or remove/cancel the allowance which was ordered by the Magistrate under Section 125.

According to Section 127(1), if a magistrate ordered to give allowance for maintenance under Section 125 according to the conditions of parties at that time, but if the present conditions of parties have changed, then he can also order to alter the allowance. For example- 

  1. Husband had a well-settled job and means for maintenance, on this basis the Court has ordered him to maintain his wife and to allowance under Section 125. But in the present condition, the husband has no job and means for maintenance. Then, the Court can alter the allowance and can reduce the amount of allowance.
  2. If a wife was not having any job or she was unable to maintain herself and she got the order of allowance under Section 125. But after some months, she is well settled and she has the means to maintain herself. In this case, the Court can order to remove or cancel allowance

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.