HIERARCHY OF INDIAN COURTS

The India Democracy has three pillars which are legislature, Executive and Judiciary. Legislature main function is enactment and formulation of laws. Executive a system of checks and balances ensures that no organ wields excessive power. Administration of justice is the main function of judiciary. India has a strong legal system which is divided into different levels. It is divided to provide justice to each and every citizen in every possible circumstances. The different levels are:

  • The Supreme Court
  • The High Court
  • The District Court

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is considered as the guardian of the Constitution of India. The Supreme Court has the highest status as an Appellate court. Under Article 124(1) of Indian Constitution the Supreme Court is established. It is the supreme judicial body of India. The jurisdiction and composition of the Supreme Court is defined under Article 124-127 of Indian Constitution. The writ petition is accepted by the Supreme Court. Article 32 gives right to the people to move to the Supreme Court if his/her fundamental right is violated. The Supreme Court of India has 1 Chief Justice of India and 30 other judges. The current Chief Justice of India is, Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde and he is the 47th Chief Justice of India. English is the official language of the Supreme Court.

High Courts

The second highest court in Indian Judicial system is the High Courts. The High Courts are the subordinate to the Supreme Court The have jurisdiction over the state in which the court is situated and some courts have jurisdiction over multiple states. However, they have entirely different jurisdictions and are of operation than the Supreme Court.  The appeal from lower court and writ petitions which are conferred by the virtue of Article 226 is the main work of the High court. The High Court is guided by Article 141 of the Indian Constitution. The earlier Supreme Court judgements guides all other courts including the High courts. High Court is established as Constitutional court in Part VI under Article 216 of the Indian Constitution. Currently, in India there are 24 High courts. The High court also have the power to govern the jurisdiction of other subordinate courts when the subordinate courts is not competent to try such matters. Chief Judge of High court is appointed by the President of India with the consultation of Chief Justice of India and other judges of the High Court are also appointed in the same way.

District Court

 The district Court operates at the district level in our country. It is the sole discretion of the state’s or UTs government to decide the number of courts to be in state or UT. On the basis of number of cases and the population distribution in a district such decisions are taken. District courts judgements are appealable in subsequent high courts. District or session judge court is the highest court in a district. The jurisdiction of district court is derived from the code of Civil Procedure in the civil matter. The jurisdiction of a session court is derived from the code of Criminal Procedure in criminal matters. On the advice of Chief Justice of the State the Governor appoints the judges of district court and session court. The jurisdiction of both the original side and the appellate side is exercised by the district court. The District Court has principal civil and criminal jurisdiction.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.