It is the responsibility of the government to protect the homeless and neglected members of the society. The Juvenile Justice Act empowers state governments to recognize organizations and provide them assistance, to set up and run shelter homes for children, women and other people, who need care and protection. These shelter homes also function as a drop-in-centers and night shelters for people who are in urgent need of support.
A shelter home is a place to take refuge or a temporary arrangement if you are in urgent need or emergency. These shelter homes also serve as government-aided hostels. People who are vulnerable or homeless or are in an emergency, they can approach their nearest shelter homes.
The Juvenile Justice Act empowers state Government to recognise organisation and provide them assistance, to set up and run shelter homes. People who are homeless or in the emergency, they can approach nearest shelter homes.
Shelter provides security, personal safety & protection from the weather. There are different types of shelter such as hut, emergency shelter, animal shelter, homeless shelter, women’s shelter.
Role of shelter homes
- Shelter homes provide protection, services and resources, which enable a person who has experienced abuse to recover from the violence, to rebuild one’s self-esteem and to take steps to regain an independent and self-determined life.
- Shelter homes increase awareness and understanding related to gender-based violence and violations of human rights.
- Shelter homes assist women who leave situations of violence, to maneuver the police, judicial and social service systems, to access the critical support and protection provided by these institutions.
- Shelter homes should educate health and judicial providers, as well as social service and security personnel, among other professionals, to recognize violence against women.
Section 30 in The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Rules, 2007
(1) For children in urgent need of care and protection, such as street children and run-away children, the State Government shall support creation of requisite number of shelter homes or drop-in-centers through the voluntary organizations.
(2) Shelter homes shall include: *(g) short-stay homes for children needing temporary shelter, care and protection for a maximum period of one year, *(h) transitional homes providing immediate care and protection to a child for a maximum period of four months, *(i) 24 hour drop-in-centers for children needing day care or night shelter facility.
(3) The shelter homes or drop-in-centers shall have the minimum facilities of boarding and lodging, besides the provision for fulfilment of basic needs in terms of clothing, food, health care and nutrition, safe drinking water and sanitation.
(4) There shall be separate shelter homes for girls and boys as per rule 40(2)(d) of these rules.
(5) All shelter homes shall provide requisite facilities for education, vocational training, counselling and recreation or make arrangements for it in collaboration with voluntary organizations or corporate sector.
(6) The Committee, Special Juvenile Police Units, public servants, child lines, voluntary organizations, social workers and the children themselves may refer a child to such shelter homes.
(7) All shelter homes shall submit a report of children using the shelter home facility along with a photograph of the child to the Committee, the missing persons bureau or special juvenile police unit and the District Child Protection Unit or the State Child Protection Unit.
(8) The requirements of producing a child received by a shelter home before the Committee, inquiry and disposal under sections 32, 33, 38 and 39 of the Act shall apply only to shelter homes other than drop-in-centers as specified in rule 30(2)(c) of these rules.
(9) The services of Officer-in-charge, child welfare officer, social worker shall be provided for the proper care, protection, development, rehabilitation and reintegration needs of children in shelter homes.
(10) No child shall ordinarily stay in a short stay home for more than a year except in special circumstances with the approval of the Committee.
Shelter home are organized by NGO and SG. It also provides free food and free education and also medical facilities for women and children. Shelter is open for everyone. Shelter home can be for long period of time or short period of time.
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