The right to equality is one of the Fundamental rights incorporated in the Constitution of India. Right to Equality is given under part III of the Constitution under Article 14-18. So, basically Right to Equality provides for the equal treatment of everyone before the law, prevents discrimination on various grounds like caste, place of birth, sex etc. Treats everyone equal in matter of employment and also abolishes untouchability. This is considered as one of the basic feature of the Indian Constitution but it also considered as a positive equality but a negative right.
Now Right to Equality is divided under five article from 14-18.
RIGHT TO EQUALITY UNDER ARTICLEE 14.
This is one of the important article of the Indian Constitution and is also regarded as the golden triangle of the constitution with article 19 and 21. Article 14 says that it treats all the people equal in the eyes of law, it says all the citizens will be treated equally. Article 14 tries to achieve “equality of status” for all people. In general it talks of that every person, who lives in the territory of India, has the equal right before the law. And that everyone will be treated equally. This article was added in order to remove inequalities and to bring all people under the equal protection of law.
RIGHT TO EQUALITY UNDER ARTICLE 15
Now, this article prevents discrimination on the grounds of place of birth, race, religion, caste, sex or any of them, or any of them, be subject to liability, disability, restriction or condition with respect to:-
Access to public places
Use of tanks, wells, ghats maintained by the state or meant for the general public.
This article also, mentions that special provisions can be made for women, children and the backward classes for their upliftment in the society.
RIGHT TO EQUALITY UNDER ARTICLE 16
This article guarantees Equality of opportunity in all matters of employment.
It also says that state shall not discriminate between citizen on the basis of narrow boundaries like religion, race, sex, place of birth residency or any of them, while providing these opportunities to the citizens.
With the exception that state can make provisions for reservation of seats for the backward classes in matters of employments.
RIGHT YO EQUALITY UNDER ARTICLE 17
Article 17 prohibits the practice of untouchability. Untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. Under article 35 of the constitution parliament has given a power to make laws prohibiting such acts of untouchability.
Untouchability is abolished in all forms.
Any disability arising out of untouchability is made an offence.
RIGHT TO EQUALITY UNDER ARTICLE 18
Article 18 abolishes titles.
The state shall not confer any titles except those which are academic or military titles.
This article also prohibits citizen of India from accepting any titles given from a foreign state.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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