Conflicts and situations of instability exacerbate pre-existing patterns of discrimination against women and girls, exposing them to heightened risks of violations of their human rights. Conflict can result in higher levels of gender-based violence against women and girls, including arbitrary killings, torture, sexual violence, and forced marriage. Women and girls are primarily and increasingly targeted by the use of sexual violence, including as a tactic of war. While women and girls are in general more predominantly subject to sexual violence, men and boys have also been victims of sexual violence, especially in contexts of detention.
Gender-based violence also spikes in post-conflict societies, due to the general breakdown of the rule of law, the availability of small arms, the breakdown of social and family structures, and the “normalization” of gender-based violence as an additional element of pre-existing discrimination. Trafficking is also exacerbated during and after conflict owing to the breakdown of political, economic, and social structures, high levels of violence, and increased militarism.
Girls can face additional obstacles in accessing education. These barriers are due to fear of targeted attacks and threats against them and to the additional caregiving and household responsibilities that girls are often obliged to assume. Women are also forced to look for alternative sources of livelihood, as family survival comes to depend heavily on them. Access to essential services such as health care, including sexual and reproductive health services can be disrupted, with women and girls being at a greater risk of unplanned pregnancy, maternal mortality, and morbidity, severe sexual and reproductive injuries, and contracting sexually transmitted infections, including as a result of conflict-related sexual violence. (https://www.ohchr.org/en/Issues/Women/WRGS/Pages/PeaceAndSecurity.aspx) (https://www.who.int/gender/violence/v7.pdf)
Some ways of reducing violence are early education, respectful relationships, and working with men and boys, especially through, and in, the media, sports industries, and the world of work. It is true that eliminating war might reduce this type of violence. People and we as a society together, need to work on our mentality first. In today’s world, domestic violence is more prevalent in society that it has become impossible to focus on the other aspects of violence against women. However, it is us, humans, who can work on their humanity and incorporate some empathy towards women, children, and minority sections. We need to give power to empower women.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.
We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge