NATURE and CAUSES OF FEMALE CRIMES

As per Role hypothesis, young ladies are typically prepared to be latent, trained and peaceful and are not permitted to figure out how to battle. Young ladies consequently contract from brutality and don’t have the essential specialized capacity or solidarity to take part in wrongdoings of viciousness, equipped burglaries, group battles. So, it is seen that various assumptions for standard conduct seem, by all accounts, to be significant in the beginning of ladies’ wrongdoing. In the present study, the offences against the person include murders, kidnapping and raping. Property offences include thefts / pick-pocketing and cheating. Criminals in the category of ‘other offences’ were involved in Immoral Traffic (prevention) Act, NDPS Act and Passport Act Offences.

PROPERTY OFFENCES

Property offences include thefts / pick-pocketing and cheating. According to Poliak’s (Poliak Otto – “The Criminality of Women”, conventional roles like managing household affairs or role of purchaser wherein they carry shopping bags and big purses, there’s a possibility of getting tempted and finding ready opportunity to steal goods. Maid servants, observe things / articles in their day-to-day life, temptation rises and they get involved in criminal activity of stealing. Lombroso (‘The Female Offender”, p.207-208.) and Pollak have communicated that shop-lifting is an explicitly ladylike offense and this is part of the way because of enticement. Lombroso, and Smith (“Women in Prison: An investigation in Penal Methods”, p.31) saw that homegrown work gives great freedoms to ladies to enjoy burglary. It is observed that when a lady takes an interest in cheating, she generally assumes the part of an accessory and helps the male guilty parties.

OFFENCES AGAINST PERSON

It includes murders, kidnapping and assistance in raping. It has been observed that while committing murders, ladies focus generally on people who lived near them. Ahuja Ram( “Female Offenders in India”, p.32) and Pollock (“The Criminality of Women”, p.8-14.)found that cases were those wherein the casualty was an individual from the female criminal’s family who are near them. The casualty guilty party relationship is more significant in female crime on the grounds that the social climate of Indian lady is extremely restricted. Once in a while, crime happens as the lone way out of a sad circumstance that a lady is confronting. not very many submit offense freely. The greater part of them assume the part of associate yet are effectively engaged with offense. Some are included unexpectedly.

OTHER OFFENCES

It includes Immoral Traffic Act, NDPS Act and Pass Port Act. In this sort of wrongdoing an individual abuses the Rules of conduct in the public eye. Most of the ladies acknowledge this opposed business as principle or auxiliary type of revenue. They do it either freely or with the help of their relatives, companions or neighbours or assume the part of associate. They do the business in their homes or close to their neighbourhood. for Pass Port Act ladies move particularly from Bangladesh with a monetary intention.

It has been found that uneducated individuals are least consistent and sane and their criminal senses are not appropriately mingled. The most influential force controlling human behaviour is religion. Caste determines the social status of a person in the society. It has been observed that upper caste ladies are engaged more in the crimes against the individual. On the other hand, Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and N.T./D.T. (Nomadic Tribes /Denotified Tribes) women are more involved in property offences. Most crimes are related to the marital status of a person. Obligations and socio-social assumptions are constantly connected to conjugal status. In the event that they can’t be satisfied inside the system of socially and socially supported ways, a lady will in general take an interest in crimes. Hitched and abandoned respondents are included generally in offenses against the individual. The unmarried respondents show a more prominent inclusion in property and different offenses. housewives are included overwhelmingly in offenses against the individual. The people who were in help, business or functioning as homegrown workers get included significantly in property offenses. Pay gives a knowledge into the monetary status of the family and it is likewise instrumental in the development of the conduct of female crooks in the general public.

BIOLOGICAL VIEWPOINT

Caesar Lombroso’s commitment is considered as the establishment of logical investigation on female wrongdoing. He viewed, “female deviance as rooted in the biological make up or as inherent feature of the female species”. He expressed that female crooks are more horrendous than the male lawbreakers since remorselessness by a female was considerably more ‘refined’ and malicious than men. Lombroso and Ferrero, 1895, (The Female Offender). thought ladies imparted numerous characteristics to youngsters and they were ethically insufficient and their absence of insight was the explanation of their somewhat little investment in wrongdoing.

Pollak,1950, (The Criminality of Women), explained the impact of hormonal changes over monthly cycle, pregnancy and menopausal stage. He expressed that in the pregnancy and menopausal stage, the mental qualities like enthusiastic changes of dispositions, strange longing for and driving forces.

PSYCHOLOGICAL VIEWPOINT

Ladies who are not latent and content with their customary jobs as moms and spouses are maladjusted. Maladjusted ladies deny or neglect to disguise the qualities related with the job in the general public. Stress, unforgiving day to day environments, shocking occurrences, (Phoolan Devi, exploited became scoundrel), suppressed indignation and sentiments , detonate with scenes of outrageous uncontrolled viciousness. Psychological viewpoint is applicable to Indian scenario as there are several crimes committed because of depression and frustration.

SOCIOLOGICAL VIEWPOINT

Ladies in India face disparity in each period of life. Ladies pass up on the greater part of the chances in life which thus influence her monetary autonomy and along these lines her financial status is brought down. This inconsistent situation of ladies in the public eye because of social mistreatment and monetary reliance on men. According to Klein’s (1973) (The etiology of female crime: A review of the literature), poisoning a child or an adult at home, sexual crimes, shoplifting and other thefts, abortions, may not be only physiological or psychological but socio economic too. According to Sharma, strained interpersonal relations with husband and other family members, husband’s extra-family relations, deprivation and denial of basic needs of life (like affection, security, etc.) were the main causes of frustrations and ultimate crimes.

PREVENTION

The uneducated woman should be briefed about the role of woman in a society, her rights and laws. The social service/ adult education units should provide legal awareness along with illegal activities  so as to Keep themselves away from illegal activities. Sex education plays an important role wherein the women indulge in crime following lack of awareness regarding sex-rackets and flesh trade. For the reduction of tensions in the family or society, the couples are advised to undergo Pre-marital and postmarital counseling. In prisons, women are engaged in various activities like cooking, tailoring, gardening, painting, handicrafts etc. which is a positive initiative and helps a lot to improve their self-respect and confidence. Under rehabilitative and supportive measures, a female criminal should be given chance to fulfill her parental responsibilities. Access to legal advice should be provided as most of the women come to prison for no mistake of their own. Attention should be paid on providing female prisoner with proper medical aid and even on rehabilitation.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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