HISTORY OF SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

The Supreme Court of India, which is located on Tilak Marg in New Delhi, was established on January 26, 1950. The Supreme Court of India was housed at the Parliament House until it was relocated to its current location. It has a large colonnaded veranda and a 27.6-metre-high dome. You’ll need a visitor’s pass from the front desk to get a look inside.

The Supreme Court was established on January 28, 1950, two days after India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic. The inauguration took held at the Parliament building’s Chamber of Princes, which also houses India’s Parliament, which consists of the Council of States and the House of the People. The Federal Court of India convened here for 12 years, between 1937 and 1950, in this Chamber of Princes. For the next several years, until the Supreme Court moved to its current location, this would remain the Supreme Court’s home.

The opening ceremony was straightforward but magnificent. At 9.45 a.m., Chief Justice Harilal J.Kania and Justices Saiyid Fazl Ali, M. Patanjali Sastri, Mehr Chand Mahajan, Bijan Kumar Mukherjea, and S.R.Das of the Federal Court took their seats. Chief Justices of the High Courts of Allahabad, Bombay, Madras, Orissa, Assam, Nagpur, Punjab, Saurashtra, Patiala and the East Punjab States Union, Mysore, Hyderabad, Madhya Pradesh, and Travancore-Cochin were in attendance. The Attorney Generals of Bombay, Madras, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, East Punjab, Orissa, Mysore, Hyderabad, and Madhya Bharat were also there, along with the Attorney General for India, M.C. Setalvad. A large number of Senior and other Advocates of the Court, as well as other distinguished visitors, were also present, including the Prime Minister, other Ministers, Ambassadors and diplomatic representatives of foreign states, a large number of Senior and other Advocates of the Court, and other distinguished visitors.

The inaugural proceedings were completed and entered into the Supreme Court’s record, with special attention paid to ensuring that the Supreme Court’s Rules were published and that the names of all Federal Court Advocates and Agents were added to the Supreme Court’s rolls. The Supreme Court began holding hearings in a section of Parliament House after its inauguration on January 28, 1950. In 1958, the Court relocated to its current location. The structure is designed to resemble a set of justice scales. The Scales’ Centre Beam is located in the building’s central wing. The complex was expanded in 1979 with the addition of two new wings, the East Wing and the West Wing. In total, 15 Court Rooms are located across the building’s numerous wings. The Chief Justice’s Court is the largest of the courts in the Central Wing, and it is located in the heart of the building.

The original 1950 Constitution called for a Supreme Court with a Chief Justice and seven puisne judges, with Parliament having the power to expand that number. In the beginning, all of the Supreme Court’s judges sat together to hear the matters that were brought before them. As the Court’s workload grew and case backlogs accumulated, Parliament increased the number of judges from eight in 1950 to eleven in 1956, fourteen in 1960, eighteen in 1978, and twenty-six in 1986. As the number of Judges has grown, they have begun to sit on smaller Benches of two and three, only coming together in bigger Benches of five or more when necessary or to resolve a disagreement or debate.

The President of India appoints the Chief Justice and 30 other judges to the Supreme Court of India. Judges on the Supreme Court retire when they reach the age of 65. To be appointed as a Supreme Court Judge, a person must be an Indian citizen and have served as a Judge of a High Court or two or more such Courts in succession for at least five years, or as an Advocate of a High Court or two or more such Courts in succession for at least ten years, or be a distinguished jurist in the opinion of the President. There are provisions in place for a High Court Judge to be appointed as an Ad-hoc Judge of the Supreme Court, as well as for retired Supreme Court or High Court Judges to sit and act as Judges of that Court.

In a variety of methods, the Constitution strives to preserve the independence of Supreme Court judges. A Supreme Court Judge can only be removed from office by an order of the President issued after an address in each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by not less than two-thirds of members present and voting, and presented to the President in the same Session for such removal on the ground of proven misbehaviour or incapacity. A person who has served as a Supreme Court Judge is forbidden from practising law in any court in India or before any other authority.

The Supreme Court’s hearings are held entirely in English. The Supreme Court Rules, 1966, were enacted under Article 145 of the Constitution to govern the Supreme Court’s practise and procedure.

REFERENCES

http://main.sci.gov.in/constitution

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.