The term sovereignty has been derived from Latin word SUPERANUS which means supreme.  Sovereignty means that the country is independent. People of sovereign country follow the rules that are made by their representatives and no foreign power can impose its decision on the country.

Sovereignty is the common power of the state, it is the will of the nation organized in the state , it is the right to give unconditional orders to all individuals in the territory of the state.

India is a sovereign state, which means that India has a supreme power and no internal groups or the external authority could undermine the authority of the Indian government.


 There are two aspects of sovereignty. They are –

  • INTERNAL SOVEREIGNTY – The independent state of the country has the final legal authority to order and enforce obedience to some persons or group of person. Internal sovereignty imposes its  over all  power on associations or individuals of the independent state.
  • EXTERNAL SOVEREIGNTY – External sovereignty implies supreme authority within one’s jurisdiction. It is the acknowledgement by all states that each has right in equal measures.


  • Sovereignty of the state is unalterable. This infinite power cannot be separated from the stare. State authority cannot transfer this extreme power permanently or temporarily to a person or organization within its geographical boundaries.
  • Unity is the very spirit of sovereignty . The sovereign state is united just as we are united.
  • Sovereign is absolute and unlimited. The sovereign is entitled to do whatsoever he likes.
  • Sovereignty is fundamental power, not a given power
  • Sovereignty is above the  law and is not regulated by law. It is for this quality that the state can legislate. So, the law does not have right to control sovereign power.


There are different kinds of sovereignty. They are –

  • NOMINAL AND REAL SOVEREIGNTY – In Nominal Sovereignty, the authority lies on the name of the concerned only, and in the Real Sovereignty the authority uses his power.
  • LEGAL AND POLITICAL SOVEREIGNTY – In Legal and Political Sovereignty , the authority has the power to create and implement the law and this law binds on all the persons and the law can be altered or cancelled by the same authority.
  • DE JURE AND DE FACTO SOVEREIGNTY – De Jure means legal sovereignty and De Facto means actual sovereignty. One should understand the difference between De Jure and De Facto sovereignty.
  • POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY – Popular sovereignty establishes the real base for the democracy as it provides the people the highest power.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

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