The day Constitution of India was adopted is widely recognised and celebrated as Constitution Day in India. Also known as Samvidhan Diwas and National Law Day, this day commemorates the formal recognition of the Constitution by constituent assembly. 26th November 1949, the day in question started to be celebrated soon after the decision of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment was notified on 19 November 2015.
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FRAMING OF CONSTITUTION
Some of the most interactive facts in regards with the framing of the Constitution are briefly compiled hereafter;
✓ It took around 2 years, 11 months and 18 days for the Constitution to be completely framed/drafted.
✓ The Constitution was not typed or printed. The original copies of it were handwritten by Shri Prem Bihari Narain Raizada. The unique copy currently is kept within the library of the Parliament in a helium-filled case.
✓ The Constitution was written in two languages, Hindi and English.
✓ The features of the Constitution are not entirely domestically generated but few of them are borrowed from different countries such as Britain, Germany, Africa, Ireland, USA, Australia, Japan and so on.
✓ Foundationally, the structure of COI,1949 is based on the Government of India Act, 1935.
✓ Indian constitution is world’s lengthiest Constitution with features such as Parliamentary form of democracy ,Single citizenship etc.
✓ MN Roy in 1934 had proposed the idea to establish a constituent assembly following which in 1946 elections were held on a subject to form a constituent assembly under the Cabinet mission plan.
Few of the most important amendments the Constitution witnessed were;
1) First Amendment Act, 1951 – Which developed criteria in regards with acquisition of land, added ninth schedule to protect lands and reforms thereof.
2) Seventh Amendment Act, 1956 – The foundational change via this amendment was in toe with the States Reorganization Act.
3) Forty second Amendment Act, 1976 – One of the most Important amendments was 42nd amendment which added words Socialist and Secular to the preamble, Integrity word with the unity was added, Changes respecting Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles, and also Fundamental duties were added as a chapter. Conclusively most important amendment after origination of the constitution was 42nd amendment of 1976.
4) Forty fourth Amendment Act, 1978 – A new provision was added to Article 74(1) saying that the President could require the council of ministers to reconsider its advice to him, either generally or otherwise and the President should Act in accordance with the advice tendered after such reconsideration.
It has been provided that an Emergency can be proclaimed only on the basis of written advice tendered to the President by the Cabinet.
One major change via 44th amendment act was to eliminate Right to property from the fundamental rights list and declaring the same as only a legal right.
5) Seventy third Amendment Act, 1992 – A separate part IX was added to the Constitution with the addition in Article 243A and a new Schedule Known as the Eleventh Schedule Describing the powers and functions of Panchayati Raj Institutions altogether.
6) Seventy fourth Amendment Act, 1992 – The said amendment provided constitutional status to Urban Local Bodies. A separate part IXA was added to the Constitution after part VIII in addition with Article 243A and again new schedule Known as Twelfth schedule which defined the powers and functions of urban local bodies.
7) One hundred first Amendment Act, 2017 – The said amendment inaugrated the scope of the Goods and Services Tax.
8) One hundred and second amendment Act, 2018 – Which provided Constitutional status to National Commission for Backward Classes.
9) One hundred and third amendment Act, 2019 – The most recent and newly introduced amendment which inserted provisions for a maximum of 10% Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWSs) of citizens of classes other than the classes mentioned in clauses (4) and (5) of Article 15, i.e. Classes other than socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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