The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

The development of industries and factories, as well as the process of urbanization, has deteriorated the quality of fresh air around the world. Studies have proven that a median of 3 million people worldwide die upfront because of indoor and outdoor air pollution, however in step with the World Health Organization (WHO), “among the top ten most polluted cities in the world, our capital, New Delhi is one of them.” The survey shows that the incidence of respiratory diseases caused by poor air quality in the capital city is about 12 times higher than the national average.


In History, the first major pollution control law in India was the ‘Water (Pollution Prevention and Control) Act, 1974’. As in the early 1970s, air, water, or land pollution caused drastic climate change, The United Nations Conference on Human Environment believes that every country should consist an appropriate control circle to control pollution and mitigate harmful effects, so it passed a resolution aimed at protecting its depleted natural resources and controlling the pollution caused by excessive use of resources.

Seven years later, there was an urgent need for a law that not only restricts people from environmental pollution, but also promotes and disseminates relevant knowledge so that people can control air pollution and save Mother Earth for future generations.

Effects of air pollution on human beings

Humans exposured to air pollution can suffer from drastic diseases. The hydrocarbons emitted by cars are toxic and will react with haemoglobin in the blood. The nitrogen load is unfavourable and irreversible. Increase children’s susceptibility to influenza and other diseases. Sulphur dioxide in the air increases the acidity of the air and swallows’ buildings. It also stimulates various organs of the respiratory tract.

Air pollution caused by lung disease can damage the heart. Nitrogen dioxide can cause pulmonary edema and worsening of coronary artery disease. The toxic effects of lead pollution include impaired children’s IQ. These are some of the many impacts of air pollution on humans.

The Air Pollution Prevention and Control Act of 1981 applies to all of India.

  • “Defined in Section 2 (a), ‘Air pollutant’ refers to any solid, liquid or gaseous substance (including noise) present in the atmosphere whose concentration is harmful to humans or other living things, plants or property.
  • Section 2 (b) defines ‘air pollution’ as the presence of air pollutants in the atmosphere.
  • “Control equipment” is defined in Section 2 (I), which refers to any device, device, equipment or system used to control the quality or form of emissions of air pollutants. This also includes all the equipment that guarantees the efficient operation of the plant. Air pollution control area.

Air Pollution Area Control

The state government can reach an agreement with the district court or the high court of that state to declare any area (except fuel) as an Air pollution Control Area (APCA). If an area is mentioned under APCA, the state government can prohibit or ban any behavior or act that causes air pollution in that area and to control it.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

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