Fundamental rights are essential human rights that are offered to every citizen irrespective of caste, race, creed, race, place of birth, religion, or gender. These are equal to freedom and these rights essential for personal good and the society at large.
SIX FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS.
- Right to equality
- Right to freedom
- Right against exploitation
- Right to freedom of religion
- Cultural and educational rights
- Right to constitutional remedies
RIGHT TO EQUALITY:-
1)Equality before law:-Article 14 of the constitution guarantees that all citizens shall be equally protected by the laws of the country.
2)Social equality and equal access to public areas:-Articles 15 of the constitution state that no person shall be discriminated against based on caste, colour, language, etc. Every person shall have equal access to public places like public parks, museums, wells, and temples etc. however, states make any special provision for women and children.
3)Equality in matters of public employment:-Article16 of the constitution lays down that the states cannot discriminate against anyone in matters of employment. All citizens can apply for government jobs.
4)Abolition of untouchbality:-Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. The practice of untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law
5)Abolition of titles:-Article 18 of the Indian constitution prohibits the state from conferring any titles. citizens of India cannot accept titles from foreign states.
RIGHT TO FREEDOM
- Freedom of speech and expression:-Which enables an individual to participate in public activities. The phrase “freedom of the press” has not been used in Article19, but freedom of expression includes freedom of the press.
- Freedom of assembling peacefully without arms:-On which the states can impose reasonable restrictions in the interest of public order and the sovereignty and integrity of India.
- Freedom to form associations or unions:-on which the state can impose reasonable restrictions on this freedom in the interest of public order, morality, and the sovereignty of the country.
- Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India: Through reasonable restriction can be imposed on these rights in the interest of the general public, for example, the restriction may be imposed on movement and traveling to control epidemics.
- Freedom to asides and settle in any part of the territory of india:-Which is also subject to reasonable restriction by the states in the interest of the general public or for the protection of the schedule tribes because certain safeguards as are envisaged here seems to be justified to protect indigenous and tribal peoples from exploitation and coercion.
- Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation trade or business:-on which the states may impose reasonable restriction in the interest of the general public. thus there is no right to carry on a business that is dangerous or immoral.
RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION
- The abolition of trafficking in human beings and beggars (forced labor).
- Abolition of employment of children below the age of 14 years in dangerous jobs like factories and mines.
- Begar, practiced in the past by landlords has been declared a crime and is punishable by law.
- Trafficking in humans for slave trade or prostitution is also prohibited by law.
RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION
According to the constitution, all religions are equal before the state and no religion shall be given preference over the other. Citizens are free to preach, practice and propagate the religion of their choice.
- Religious communities can set up charitable institutions of their own.
- Activities in such institution which are not religious are performed according to the laws laid down by the government
- No person shall be compelled to pay taxes for the promotion of a particular religion
- A state-run institution cannot impart an education that is pro-religion
CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS
- Any community which has a language and a script of its own has the right to conserve and develop it
- All minorities, religions, or linguistic cab set up their own educational institution to preserve and develop their own culture.
RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES
- Right to constitutional remedies empowers the citizen to move a court of law in case of any denial of the fundamental rights
- This process of asking the courts to preserve or safeguards the citizen’s fundamental rights issues various kinds of writs. These writs are habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, and certiorari.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge