Protection of Flora and Fauna

Wildlife means flora, and fauna, which can be normally observed in forests. In India, long time back, an attempt to save the flora and fauna turned the way of enacting the Indian Forest Act, 1927. It restricts hunting in protected and reserved forests. Before that also as a way to defend wild birds, the Britishers had enacted the Wild Birds Protection Act, 1887. Art. 51-A (g) of the Indian Constitution that imposed an essential responsibility on each Indian citizen to protect and enhance the wildlife within side us. India is wealthy in its wildlife.

According to Valmik Thapar, in 1997, there have been 13,000 species of flowering flora and 65,000 species of fauna which include fish, birds, and mammals in India. Legislative Response: In the latest times, the wildlife in India is at risk because of poaching and trade in animal articles. To defend the wildlife of India, the parliament handed Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 on the request made by 11 states in the country. The Act turned into necessitated as some wild animals and birds had turned out to be already extinct whilst a few others have been on the verge of extinction.

Further, then-present country law has been felt insufficient as a way to defend the wildlife of our country. The Act provides for the establishment of Wildlife Advisory forums and the appointment of wildlife wardens and different groups of workers to put the Act in force. In numerous states, the office of the Chief Wild Life Warden and the Chief Conservator of Forests is united in a single post. The Act prohibits looking at animals listed in Schedule I, II, III, and IV. Under the Act, the country authorities can also additionally claim any location of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, natural, or zoological significance as a sanctuary or a countrywide park. In each countrywide park and sanctuaries, public access is restricted and the destruction of any wildlife or habitat is prohibited.

However, the working of the 1972 Act did not satisfy and consequently, in 1986 the Act turned into certainly amended. Under the 1972 Act, trade and commerce in wild animals, animal articles, and trophies have been permissible withinside the country. But many traders smuggled the animal skins, animal articles, and trophies to foreign nations for getting massive profits. Hence, it has become important to limit trade in certain specific wild animals.

Accordingly, by the 1986 Amendment Act, it turned into provided that no person can be allowed to carry on any trade-in wild animals specified in Schedules I and II of the Act. Further, the then-existing licenses for an inner trade of animals and animal articles have been revoked. An additional general ban turned into imposed on trade in Indian ivory. In 1991 the Wild Life Act was additionally amended. This change was made on the premise of recommendations of the Indian Wildlife Board and the Ministry of Environment and Forest. It was felt that because of non-stop poaching and unlawful trade in animal articles, the wildlife population in India has unexpectedly declined.

Hence, withinside the 1991 Amendment Act, looking at all wild animals besides vermin was prohibited. But on certain exceptional occasions inclusive of for the safety of lifestyles and property, education, research, medical control, and captive breeding, looking of wild animals turned into permitted.

Further to manipulate the demise rate of animals because of communicable diseases, obligatory immunization was supplied for in countrywide parks and sanctuaries. The provisions of national parks and sanctuaries have been prolonged to territorial waters without significantly affecting the interests of local fishermen.

Further, it was provided that without settling the rights of tribal people, no location may be declared as a national park or a sanctuary. 1991 Amendment Act diagnosed the significance of zoos withinside the safety of wild animals withinside the country and consequently, it was provided that the control of zoos can be monitored through the Central Zoo Authority mounted under the Amendment Act. Further, on the premise of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the gathering of endangered species of animals and plants has been prohibited. But it’ll now no longer have an effect on the gathering of historically used plants for bona fide personal use of tribals.

The events to CITES have been involved approximately due to the declining population of African elephants and consequently, the import and export of African ivory for business functions have been prohibited. On the same lines, the 1991 Amendment Act prohibits the ivory trade from protecting Indian elephants. Further, the Act prohibits the gathering of snake venom for generating lifestyles-saving capsules from snakes like Cobra and Russel’s Viper.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.