In India, euthanasia is a crime. Section 309 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) deals with the attempt to commit suicide and Section 306 of the IPC deals with abetment of suicide – both actions are punishable. Passive Euthanasia is legal in India, but Active Euthanasia including the administration of lethal compounds are illegal in India. We are brought into this world without any choice and we die without any choice, but sometimes, death is better than life. In such situations an application is used to allow the person to accept death which is called Euthanasia. If a person has the rights to live then the person also deserves the right to die whenever they want. In reference to Aruna Shanbaug case, how are 42 years on a bed better than death? Brutally raped, abandoned by parents, her life was completely ruined, and still doesn’t get approved for Euthanasia just because of her vegetative state.
As of June 2021, euthanasia is legal in Belgium, Canada, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain and several states of Australia (Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia). Euthanasia was briefly legal in the Northern Territory between 1996 and 1997, but was overturned by a federal law. I understand that laws are made to protect us, they are meant to help us to live a normal and happy life, but in this case, Euthanasia being illegal is not at all protecting or helping but it is a punishment to live a life in a state where you are a responsibility or a liability for others. Some families might happily take care of the patient or will be happy that they are alive but some families can’t afford to pay the bills of the patient who stays in bed and requires constant monitoring, they can’t see their children/brother/sister/husband/wife just lying on the bed and breathing helplessly just because our justice system decides whether the person can live or not. We can’t decide when are we born, where are we born & why are we born, but I believe that we should have the right to decide whether to live or not.
To understand the complexity of the concept of euthanasia, one must know the classification of euthanasia and the terms related to this.
Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS), wherein the doctor knowingly provides medical assistance to an individual to end their life, who is likely to be experiencing persistent and intolerable suffering and pain. The physician provides for a complete analysis of the medical condition and determines the most painless and effective method of dying.
Voluntary Euthanasia, when the individual wishes through a conscious decision of ending their help with the help of another. It requires full consent and awareness of the concept and process.
Non-Voluntary Euthanasia, whereas the decision of ending an individual’s life is taken by another, like a family member or your partner. This takes place when the individual is in a state of permanent unconsciousness and incapacitated beyond treatment.
Active Euthanasia means where the doctor can directly end an individual’s life. The other names given to this process are, ‘Positive Euthanasia’ or ‘Aggressive Euthanasia’. The doctor may directly intervene and prescribe a painless method to end an individual’s life. The main element under this remains consent of the individual whose sufferings are irremediable and endless. This is a quicker method of dying through a lethal and high dose of drug or by injecting a lethal drug.
Passive Euthanasia or ‘Negative Euthanasia’ or ‘Non-Aggressive Euthanasia’ is the practice of intentionally causing the death of an individual by withdrawing the necessary and essential care, food or water. It is an intentional discontinuation which also implies the removal of artificial life support facilities. It is considered as a slow killer and is more comfortable than the active method. It is only aided when the individual no longer remains mentally and physically alert.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.
If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at firstname.lastname@example.org
We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.
We are also running a series Inspirational Women from January 2021 to March 31,2021, featuring around 1000 stories about Indian Women, who changed the world. #choosetochallenge