Article 12 to 35 of the Indian Constitution deals with Fundamental Rights. Fundamental rights are the basic human rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution of India which are guaranteed to all citizens. All the fundamental rights are applied without discrimination based on race, religion, gender, etc. These are called fundamental rights because they are enshrined in the Indian constitution which guarantees them and they are justiciable enforceable by courts. In case of violation of these fundamental rights, a person can approach a court of law.
There are six main fundamental rights of the Indian constitution along with the constitutional articles-
- Right to Equality (Article 14-18)
- Right to Freedom(Article 19-22)
- Right against Exploitation (Article 23-24)
- Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)
- Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)
- Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32-35)
- RIGHT TO EQUALITY (ARTICLES 14-18) – Right to equality guarantees equal rights for everyone irrespective of their religion, gender, caste, race, or place of birth. Article 14 states that all citizens will be treated equally before the law. The Law of the country protects everybody equally. Article 15 prohibits discrimination in any manner. Article 16 provides equal employment opportunities in state service for all citizens. Article 17 prohibits the practice of untouchability. Article 18 abolishes titles. The state shall not confer any titles except those which are academic or military titles.
- RIGHT TO FREEDOM (ARTICLES 19-22) – Freedom is one of the most important ideals cherished by any democratic society. The Indian Constitution guarantees freedom to citizens. The freedom rights include many rights which Article 19 guarantees- Freedom of Speech and Expression, Freedom of assembly without arms, Freedom of association, freedom to practise any profession, Freedom to reside in any part of the country. Article 20 talks about Protection concerning conviction for offences. Article 21 talks about the Right to life and personal liberty. Article 21 A talks about the Right to elementary education. Article 22 talks about Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
- RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION (ARTICLE 23-24)- Fundamental rights that guarantee every citizen protection from any kind of forced labor. Article 23 deals with the prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor. Article 24 deals with the prohibition of the employment of children in factories etc.
- RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION (ARTICLE 25-28)- There is equal respect given to all religions. Article 25 deals with freedom of conscience, profession, practice, and propagation of religion. Article 26 deals with the freedom to manage religious affairs. Article 27 deals with Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion. Article 28 deals with Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions.
- CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS (ARTICLE 29-30)- Cultural and educational rights safeguard the right of linguistic, cultural, and religious minorities. Article 29 deals with the protection of the interests of minorities. Article29(1) provides that all citizens that reside in India having a distinct culture, language, and script the right to conserve their culture and language. Article29(2) says that the state shall not deny admission into educational institutes maintained by it or those that receive aids from it to any person based on race, religion, caste, language, etc. Article 30 deals with the Right to minorities to establish and administer educational institutions. Article 30 is also called the Charter of education rights.
- RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES (ARTICLE 32-35)- The constitution guarantees constitutional remedies if citizen’s fundamental rights are violated. The government cannot infringe upon or curbs anyone’s rights. When these rights are violated, the aggrieved party can approach the courts.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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