Judicial system in India

The judiciary in India is stated for the welfare of the citizens. It is responsible for the enforcement of law and order in country. The Indian Judicial system follows the common law system based on the recorded judicial precedent from the British era. The court system of India comprises of Supreme Court of India, the High Courts at States and subordinate courts at district, municipal and village levels.


1. Supreme Court – The Supreme Court of India is the supreme judicial body of India and the highest court of India in our constitution. It was constituted on 28th January 1950. It is the highest court of appeal and enjoys original suits as well as appeals from High Court judgements. The SC is headed by Chief Justice of India along with 33 ther judges. Article 124 of the Indian constitution talks about the existence of a Supreme Court in India.

2. High Courts – High Courts are second Courts of importance of the democracy in India. They are run by Article 141 of the Constitution of India. These courts have jurisdiction over a state, a union territory or a group of states and union territory. The High Courts are principal civil courts of original jurisdiction in the state, and can try all offences including those punishable by death. There are specific areas in which
only High Courts can exercise the right for hearing like cases related to Company law as it is designated specially in a state or federal law. The appointment of the judges of High Courts are done by President of India with the consultation of the Chief Justice of India, the Chief justice of High Court and the Governor of the State.

3. District Courts – The structuring of District Courts in India is mainly depended upon the discretion of the state governments or the union territories. Chapter VI of Part VI of the Indian Constitution has made provisions for subordinate courts in India. They are mainly run by the district judges appointed by the state. There are additional district judges and assistant district judges who are appointed to share the additional load of the proceedings of District Courts. These district courts have additional jurisdiction authority of appeal handling the subordinate courts which are there in the same district in the domain of civil and criminal affairs.


4. Panchayats – The provisions for Panchayats are made in Part IV of the Constitutions, the directive of Panchayats is fixed which endorses the concept of self-governance through Article 40 of this part. The Panchayats are there in the rural area to resolve the issues related to the civil or criminal issues by following the simple system of informal application to enhance to scope of compromise between the parties. Article 50 has made provision separating the judiciary from the administrative executive deployed in the public services of the state.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.


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