Although firmly rooted in human culture, child labour was again a subject of national discussion in the late 1980s. Over that decade, the so-called developing world civil society became conscious that the black and white images of children employed during the Western Industrial Revolution http://Elias Mendelievich, Child Labour, 118 INT’l LAB. REV. 557 (1979). could just as easily be coloured in other regions of the present world due to the broad media attention and expanded dissemination of facts. Since then, few human rights problems have attracted the public’s attention as a whole, and the child labour movement has continued to increase and receive funding.As with problems which unexpectedly awaken the general public’s consciousness, the initial reactions were very instinctive and mis-coordinated.
The initiative was made by a number of stakeholders, including NGOs, labour unions, international organisations and governments and private individuals. Initiatives arising from civil society at national and international levels have traditionally opened the door for government and intergovernmental organisations to intervene. Private policies such as labelling systems and the codes of ethics of companies have limited to timid governmental support.Only after some initial reluctance, urged on by other foreign organisations and some of its constituents, the ILO adopted a new strategy to harness its decades-long experience and assumed a leadership position in the sector.The international community is deeply concerned about child labour.
The ILO Convention http://Breen Creighton, Combating Child Labour: The Role of International Labour Standards, 18 COMP. LAB. L.J. 362 (1997). on the Worst Forms of Child Labor was adopted in 1999 to solve the problem with a new momentum. All forms of child labour, which involve exploitation and abuse, need to be eliminated and children protected from any kind of work which can harm their health and development. However, there are also economic forces at work, in addition to human rights considerations. In developed countries child labour is a valuable source of income for poor families, so reduction or elimination of child labour is not easy and household income and survival should always be taken into account.On the other hand, forms of child labour which interfere with education can have negative effects on economic growth. Without schooling, the formation of human resources is small, which leads to a low salary for adults and requires that children work to supplement household incomes.
This ferocious circle is capable of sustaining generational poverty. http://Christiaan Grootaert & Ravi Kanbur, Child Labour: An Economic Perspective, 134 INT’l LAB. REV. 187 (1995). Therefore, children’s work should not be impeded by effective attendance at schooling. In many Asian developing countries, child labour is the basis of their economic activities and many consumer products are made, including export commodities such as tapestries, clothing and agricultural goods. Child labour activities are often carried out in a number of potentially dangerous roles such as gem mining, building, industrial farming, and goods and services transport. Poverty, the lack of open schools and the lack of teachers in the villages discourage children from schooling and keeping them working.
There has been a long period with problems of child labour. While widespread in Europe HUMPHRIES, JANE. “Childhood and Child Labour in the British Industrial Revolution.” The Economic History Review, vol. 66, no. 2, 2013, pp. 395–418., www.jstor.org/stable/42921562. Accessed 5 May 2021. during the 19th century industrial revolution, in Asia, Africa and Latin America, it continues to occur on a major scale. The international community became more and better aware of the need to respond from the end of the 1980s on. The implementation in 2002 of various soft Law instruments, such as the Program of Action to End the Exploitation of Child Labor and the UN Special Session of the General Assembly, starts with the introduction in 1989 of the Convention on the Right of the Child (CRC), then the World Summit for Children in 1990.Notwithstanding new campaigns to tackle child labour and to ratify universal norms, non-compliance still remains an important issue.
Detailed study of working factors and the complex relationships between child labour and economic growth are essential to eradicate child labour. The aim of that study is therefore to shed light on the economic determining factors of child labour, to enhance the awareness that child labour laws are not applied, and to explore a number of potential solutions, including international standards and national legislation.and to explore a variety of potential solutions to the crisis, including international standards and domestic regulations, financial benefits and corporate social responsibility to families sending their children to study.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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