The term “constitution” is derived from the Latin word constitutio, which is used as regulations and orders. Later, the term was widely used in “canon law” for an important determination, especially a decree
Constitution is a legal document carrying the basic laws and principles of a nation, state, or social group and a document carrying the powers responsibilities and duties of the government and the fundamental rights and duties of the people in it. In simpler terms it isa written instrument uploading the rules of a political or social Nation, State.
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles according to which a state or country is governed. A Constitution means a document having a special legal sanctity which has to be honoured and sets out the framework for the principal functions of the organs of the Government of a State and declares the principles governing the operation of those organs.
Salient Features of Indian Constitution:
- A Written Constitution
The Indian Constitution is mainly a written constitution.A written constitution is framed at a given time and comes into force or is adopted on a fixed date as a document. The constitution of India was framed over a period of 2 years , 11 months and 18 days, it was adopted on 26th November, 1949 and enforced on January 26, 1950. Such ways has evolved over a period of time and have proved useful in the making and working off of the constitution.
- Lengthiest Constitution
The Indian Constitution has 395 Articles in 22 parts and 12 Schedules, The Indian Constitution is structured in a way that it covers the interest of the vast country and also works for the government as a whole for the State and also for the Central.
3. Directive Principles
The Directive Principles of State Policies (DPSP) in Part IV of the Constitution intends to make India a welfare state and also to provide social and economic justice to the people. However, it is a moral obligation of the state to apply these principles in making laws.
4. Rigid and Flexible
The Indian Constitution is a blend of rigidity and flexibility.
As per Article 368, some provisions can be amended by a special majority of the Parliament i.e. a 2/3rd majority of the members of each House present and voting and majority which is more than 50 percent of the total membership of each House.
Also, some other provisions can be amended by a special majority of the Parliament and with the consent by half of the total states.
However, some provisions of the Constitution can be amended by a simple majority of the Parliament in the manner of the ordinary legislative process but these do not fall under the influence of Article 368.
- Single Citizenship
In India there is a practice of single citizenship. It means that every Indian is a citizen of India, irrespective of their place of residence or place of birth. He/she is not a citizen of the States inside the country like Jharkhand, Chattisgarh to which he/she may belong to but remains a citizen of India; And has the freedom to secure employment anywhere in the country and to enjoy all the rights equally in all the parts of India.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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