CHALLENGES FOR ESTABLISHING WORKABLE POLICIES IN HUMANITARIAN ORGANISATIONS IN AFRICA AND SOLUTIONS:

In 2025, by replacing the existing leadership provided by United Nations agencies and other organizations, the African Union wishes to lead African nations, multi-country partnerships, or African NGOs in humanitarian cooperation and response. The change is welcomed as a critical innovation by AU members. Yet success or failure will also be the final measure of the dedication of core operators in the humanitarian system to the localisation agenda. The goal is to provide the African-led humanitarian framework with the general policy orientation, reinforce Member State disaster management bodies and develop sub-regional training hubs and mobilisation funds. Where Member States and sub-regional organizations lack sufficient capacity, African Aid Teams, including civil experts and NGOs, shall be mobilised and dispatched. It will also provide assistance to African NGOs.

Where participants are war parties who do not want or cannot defend civilians or support civilians, AfHA shall deploy African Standby Force non-combatant contingents to perform impartial missions to ensure that the humanitarian room is open and protected for African NGOs. In addition to being a declaration of autonomy, AfHA takes specific measures to provide aid and defense. The regionalisation of humane societies, as is practiced in the Caribbean and Asia, is conceptually identical.Are they really prepared to give up any of their power?

Critical voices in academia and policies consider that UN agencies and African foreign NGOs are an extension of the international neocolonial framework that restricts the growth of African institutions. The AU wants to make AfHA http://5 key challenges extraordinary aid workers face in the Central African Republic Medium, https://medium.com/@weareiguacu/5-key-challenges-extraordinary-aid-workers-face-in-the-central-african-republic-e17e6e6c4b11 (last visited Dec 27, 2020) sovereign in Africa’s humane vacuum.AfHA will work at three levels: the sub-regional and continental Member States. It will be an AU Implementation Organization with sub-regional offices, much like the Current Alliance for African Development or the NEPAD – the socio-economic development wing established in 2001 – or its Governance Witness, the African Peer Review Process.

ISSUES WITH SECURITY: http://Challenges to humanitarian agencies in the field: considering the options – Humanitarian Practice Network Humanitarian Practice Network, https://odihpn.org/magazine/challenges-to-humanitarian-agencies-in-the-field-considering-the-options/ (last visited Dec 27, 2020) The Central African Republic is afflicted with uncertainty though substantial changes have been made in order to pave the road towards permanent peace, including good elections. Though conflict is different from one area to the next, in the second half of 2016 security situation again worsened and armed groups strike across the country. Today, there are approximately 14 militant groups operating globally and battling for resource control. Despite its humanitarian aspect, armed groups have not spared NGOs and since the war started they have been attacked. There were more than 330 attacks in 2016 on relief organizations and five aid workers were killed. Since 2013, 24 aid workers have been killed. While their lives are directly endangered and their services are plundered, relief workers are continuing to practice at home. Over 50 foreign non-governmental organisations and 65 national NGOs are present in Vehicle, working in some of the most unsafe areas in the world, ensuring there is no neglect of the millions of Central Africans in need.

INADEQUATE SOURCE OF INFORMATION: http://Three Challenges for the African Union’s New Humanitarian Agency Gppi.net, https://www.gppi.net/2019/08/28/three-challenges-for-the-african-unions-new-humanitarian-agency (last visited Dec 27, 2020) It is incredibly difficult to obtain real-time information. Mobile phones and internet networks are virtually non-existent south of Bangui and other big city centres. In 2015, just 30% of the population had a cell phone service and 4% had a Broadband connection. As a consequence, it takes time to know exactly what happens in a village and can hinder the future response to the humanitarian crisis. Unknown to most citizens, the humanitarian actors in the CAR (central african region)help to keep this world united despite sometimes harsh and hostile situations. The suffering CAR people and their amazing society need to be informed and intervention from more of us. 

HUGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN NEED FOR HELP: This dispute impacted the entire population. Today 2,2 million people are in need of humanitarian aid to fulfill their fundamental needs, about half the world. The health sector is almost non-existent and drinking water is inadequate and 2 million people are famished and 2 million need security from the aggression of armed groups. Currently, the main cause of death is malaria that is treatable. There are many thousands of women and girls suffering from sexual and gender-based abuse. The government has little ability to respond to the humanitarian situation, still weak before the war.The Central Africans depend on NGOs to receive basic facilities three years since the war began, and relief organisations’ work has been monumental. About 60 humanitarian agencies, 60 plus food security and 37 health organizations were focused on defense in 2016. However, the continuing abuse does not always allow disabled individuals to benefit from life-saving support.

NEGLIGIBLE OR NO FINANCIAL HELP: In January, a two year proposal was released, calling for approximately 400 million dollars to fund humanitarian action for 2017. The condition in CAR must be greatly affected by long-term obligations and the public at large. The Central African Republic, like so many years before, risks disappearing from the diplomatic scene as other humanitarian problems erupt across the world. This would have a disastrous effect on the financing of humanitarian organisations. In 2016, only 37% of the budgetary conditions were fulfilled to resolve the humanitarian need. The lack of relief supplies was one of the consequences. For example, the World Food Program was willing to support just 400,000 people and had to slash their food supply by half instead of targeting a million people. Humanitarianism: facing new challenges Odi.org, https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/6319.pdf (last visited Dec 27, 2020)

INFRASTRUCTURAL FAILURE: The shortage of infrastructure is another challenge facing humanitarian workers. Outside Bangui, it is very difficult and isolated to reach several areas of the world. The population density of CARs in the west and south is a marginally greater territory than France and almost 5 million inhabitants. There is low management of transport facilities. Most roads are not paved, many bridges cannot be used and networks are not completely established between cities. There are no railway lines in the world, internal air travel is uncommon and depends on safety. It takes time to move from one town to another. From April until October, the rainy season makes traveling in some places difficult, if not impossible. In addition, aid workers must travel in convoys, owing to the involvement of militant groups and road robbers. This affects the activity of NGOs around the country as well as their reaction to new locations.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

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