Child trafficking occurs when children are taken away from safety and exploited. Children who
are trafficked are often forced into some form of work, used for sex or simply sold. Trafficking is any part of the process from finding and recruiting children, to transporting and receiving them. Men, women and children all over the world victims of trafficking, but children are particularly at risk.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) says trafficking is among “forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery” and should be eradicated as soon as possible. A child trafficking is linked to demand for cheap labour, especially where the work working conditions are poor. Children may be forced into many dangerous or illegal situations, including slavery, domestic labour, sexual exploitation or prostitution, drug couriering or being turned into child soldiers.
In disasters, conflicts and other humanitarian emergencies, children can become separated from
their families. Left without protection, they are easy prey for traffickers to exploit either by force
or with false promises.
The ILO estimates that 21 million people are trapped in forced labour or slavery. Of those, it
says one is four are under the age of 18. The estimated number of children trafficked around the world is 5.5 million. They suffer violence, exploitation and abuse – ending up in work, forced marriage, prostitution, begging and armed recruitment.
Where dose child trafficking happen?
Every country in the world is affected by children trafficking, whether as a victim’s origin
country, somewhere they travelled through or the destination. According to the UN Officer of Drugs and Crime’s 2014 global report on trafficking, 62% of all people trafficked in Africa and the Middle East are children. Other regional figures are 36% in South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific, 31% in the Americans and 18% in Europe and Central Asia. Of all people trafficked in 2011, 21% were girls,12% boys, 49% women and 18% men.
There are several global initiatives working to tackle the issue. The ILO has a programme called
the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour that works with governments,
charities and other organisations to fight child trafficking. It helps to protect children at risk,
enforce anti-trafficking laws and assist victims in need. The UN Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking sees organisations such as the ILO and UNICEF working together to eradicate child trafficking.
Its mission is to address the many factors that cause child trafficking. These include making
potential victims less vulnerable, ensuring protection to those who fall prey and catching and
prosecuting the criminals involved.
An important part of tackling child trafficking is to make sure there are safe spaces, such as
schools, where children can be protected from harm. In times of upheaval and crisis, education is
a lifeline. Students in school can get safety information, adult supervision and a higher chance of
being identified and documented. Organisations such as their world are committed to helping
provide children in crisis with education.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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