Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is a mental health disorder that can cause above-normal levels of hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. People suffering with ADHD may also show trouble focusing their attention on a single task at a single time or sitting still for long periods of time.
Both adults and children can be diagnosed ADHD. Only 9.4% people all over the world are diagnosed with ADHD. A wide range of behaviors are associated with ADHD, that can be said to be impulsive or hyper-active. Some of the more common ones include:
• Having trouble focusing or concentrating on certain tasks
• Being forgetful about completing tasks or something at random
• Being easily distracted
• Having difficulty sitting still, always fidgeting
• Interrupting people while they’re talking or asking random questions out of nowhere that may not be subject of discussion.
Types of ADHD:
To make ADHD diagnoses more consistent, the APA(American psychological association) has grouped the condition into three categories, or types. These types are predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactivity-impulsive, and a combination of both. Described further below:
• Predominantly inattentive:
As the name suggests, people with this type of ADHD have extreme difficulty focusing, concentrating, finishing tasks, and following instructions.
Experts also think that many children with the inattentive type of ADHD may not receive a proper diagnosis because they don’t tend to disrupt the classroom i.e., they are often afraid of speaking their mind, constant doubt in themselves. This type is mostly common among girls with ADHD.
• Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type:
People with this type of ADHD show primarily hyperactive and impulsive behavior. This can include fidgeting, interrupting people while they’re talking, and not being able to wait their turn, mostly not caring what the other person might feel regarding it.
Although inattention is less of a concern with this type of ADHD, people with predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD may still find it difficult to focus on tasks, but not like the ones suffering with Predominantly inattentive.
• Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive type:
This is the most common type of ADHD. People with this combined type of ADHD display both inattentive and hyperactive symptoms. These include an inability to pay attention, a tendency toward impulsiveness, and above-normal levels of activity and energy.
How to help people diagnosed with ADHD:
• Notice the signs
• Consult psychologists
• Talk and discuss within the family
• Don’t treat differently
• Help eachother
• Every school should have monitoring psychologists especially children.
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