Concept of Human Rights:
Human beings are born with certain natural rights. Those rights basic to humanity are termed as ‘Human rights’. Broadly speaking they may include the right to life, liberty, property and security of an individual. Social scientists from time immemorial have argued in favour of giving these rights to human rights. Human rights constitute the very source of all rights of human beings. They embody the scheme of ideal rights. They provide for the moral foundation of any system of rights. In a way they are akin to the concept of justice. As the idea of justice determines the principles on which law should be based, so the idea of human rights sets the standards on which all other rights should be based. The concept of rights or ‘human rights’, therefore, originates from the voice of protest against oppression perpetrated by the dominant groups in society. Rights are meant to safeguard the individual from the irresponsible and arbitrary use of power by the ruling class.
Emergence of Human Rights:
The problem of human rights emerged as a matter of serious concern for the whole world after the Second World War (1939-45). During Nuremberg trials (1946), some German Nazis were tried for crimes against humanity apart from war crimes. The most barbarous and inhuman atrocities committed by the accused on the Jews of their country were termed ‘crimes against humanity’. This action was based on the assumption that ‘human rights’ are valid by themselves; these are above the law of any nation; violation of these rights would be treated as ‘crime against humanity’.
In 1948, the United Nations issued an elaborate list of human rights, known as ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’. It advised its member nations to give a wide publicity to these rights in their respective countries, particularly in schools and other educational institutions. This declaration is best suited to building up a free, democratic, welfare state. It embodies the best scheme of human rights. The declaration recognizes that the “inherent dignity of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world” and is linked to the recognition of the fundamental rights which every human being aspires to. Right to life, liberty and security of person; the right to an adequate standard of living; the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution; the right to own property; the right to freedom of opinion and expression; the right to education; freedom of thought, conscience and religion; and the right to freedom from torture and degrading treatment among others.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.