The state is a political institution. It is the greatest of all human associations. Every individual is a member of the state. The term ‘State’ is derived from the word ‘Status’, which was first used by Teutons. Now the term ‘State’ is loosely used as synonymous with ‘Government’, ‘Nation’, ‘Society’ etc.
According to Aristotle,” State is a union of families and villages having for its end a perfect and self-sufficing life by which we mean a happy and honourable life.”
Features of the State:
The State possesses four essential elements namely population, territory, government and sovereignty.
(1) Population: State is primarily a human institution, it must have a population. There must be several families before a State can come into existence.
(2)Territory- People must live permanently on a definite portion of land to make a state.
E.g.- Jews were recognised as a State only after they settled in Israel in 1948.
(3) Government- The State cannot exist in the absence of government. It is the political organisation of the State set up to direct, regulate and control men’s activities to enable them to live together in peace.
(4) Sovereignty- It is the supreme power of the State. It is a characteristic possessed by the State alone. It makes a State independent and supreme.
The terms ‘State’ and ‘Society’ are often interchangeably used. Aristotle did not see any difference between the state and society. For ancient Greeks, State and Society were not separate institutions. State in modern times has a limited place in society. Society is wider than the State.
The term ‘Nation’ as understood in everyday language means a people who are united in a feeling of oneness. The word ‘nation’ is derived from the Latin word ‘Natio’ meaning ‘Born’. Nationality signifies a nation and a membership of that nation.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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