Sustainable development is referred to as the idea that human beings should sustain by meeting their basic needs, while also making sure that the future generations are able to meet their basic needs.In other words, it is a way of organising the society by which it can exist for a long duration without compromising on the availability of resources for future generations. For sustainable development, factors such as preserving the environment and natural resources along with maintaining social and economic equality need to be followed.
This concept is not new, it has been followed by many cultures over the course of history with an aim of maintaining a balance between man and nature as well as economy.The concept of sustainable development can be also referred to as environmentally sustainable economic growth. Sustainable development looks to create a balance between the economic, environmental and social needs.
Sustainable development is a common agenda for global concern, which everybody agrees upon, but bringing this global concern into public policies is a difficult task. The most accepted definition of sustainable development according to the Brundtland’s report is, “To meet the needs of present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. It advocated the idea of “sustainable growth”. According to The World Conservation Strategy report (1980), by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), for development to be sustainable it must take into account the social and economic factors as well as the ecological ones.
Objectives of Sustainable Development
- Economic Growth:
For creating an economy that is sustainable and growing in the right direction.
- Protecting the Environment:
This objective focuses on contribution by humans towards protecting and enhancing the natural environment, by minimising pollution and waste, also working towards reducing the global carbon footprint.
- Social Inclusion:
This objective focuses on providing the facility of housing for future generations and assisting in creating healthy, strong and vibrant global communities.
Importance of Sustainable Development
Following are the importance of sustainable development:
1. Using the available resources judiciously and working towards maintaining the ecological balance.
2. To prevent degradation of the environment and laying emphasis on protecting the environment.
3. To prevent overexploitation of resources.
Some Steps taken for climate change and its effects in accordance with ground water conservation
Concerted and sustained efforts are required to meet the challenges resulting from climate change and its effects. Ground water conservation practices like construction of khadin (popular in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Gujarat), check dams, farm ponds, recharge shafts, injection wells (in coastal region and to combat problems of heavily pumped out aquifers), and contour trenching, to arrest surface run-off at elevations, and similarly surface water conservation techniques, like construction of ooranies (surface water collection ponds with improved catchments, commonly found in Tamil Nadu), are important measures to tackle problems of water scarcity and the decreasing ground water table.
Generation of awareness and training among the masses for water conservation via roof top rain water harvesting and threshing floors can also be implemented. Involvement of the Gram Panchayat / Village Health and Sanitation Committee for operation, maintenance, and surveillance of water quality, as in the National Rural Drinking Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance Project, can have a major impact. Other measures like recycling and reuse of water, using water-efficient household equipment such as low volume flushing cisterns, proper metering of water, rational tariff, and the concept of a water-efficient home, would reduce water demand and encourage conservation.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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