Man was given a beautiful thing called a brain by God, and Mother Nature bestowed upon him the earth’s vast physical and biological resources. By utilizing these natural resources and using his intellect or thinking, man began to create his own universe. Man has also been given the ability to imagine and create. He has been making many objects or goods for his wants, comfort, and convenience, using his ideas and inventiveness. In the past, his works and innovations were considered public property. These were the most prevalent characteristics. These creations and innovations might be used and copied by anybody without limitation, reservation, or payment. With the passage of time, however, the significance and worth of these inventions became apparent. In these compositions, the commercial factor began to play a crucial role. Things developed and conceived by the human mind were acknowledged as the owner’s intellectual property towards the end of the twentieth century. The owner’s right to these properties was recognized, and the term “intellectual property right” was coined (commonly called I.P.R.)
What are the benefits of intellectual property rights?
Because of these very fundamental reasons, intellectual property rights were fundamentally acknowledged and acknowledged all over the world. The following are some of the reasons for adopting these rights:
a. To give an incentive for new innovations by the person.
b. Giving credit where credit is due to the creators and innovators.
c. Assuring monetary compensation for intellectual property.
d. ensuring that genuine and authentic items are available
Intellectual Property Rights are divided into several categories.
A common person must be aware of intellectual property rights. An ordinary man comes across items made, invented, discovered, and produced by some human intellect everywhere and at any moment. A house’s design, the materials used in it, and its furnishings such as a carpet, sofa, fridge, television, telephone, paintings, photographs, and wall clock; articles of daily use such as pens, books, newspapers, tissue papers, and shoes; clothing such as Jeans, T-shirts, trousers, hats, ties, and shoes; modes of transportation such as cycles, cars, and bikes. The list goes on and on! Almost everything in a common man’s environment is, in some way or another, intellectual property of someone. Someone has invested time, money, and effort into inventing and creating them. As a result, all of these commonplace items are considered intellectual property and are protected by law.
These intellectual property things can be divided into two categories:
a. industrial property items.
b. Copyright and other associated rights.
All types of innovations, trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic source indications are included in the industrial property’s category. All literary works, including articles, news stories, novels, tale books, poetry books, and so on, are covered by copyrights and related rights. Drawings, photography, paintings, architectural design, music, dance, cinema, and artistic performances are all examples of creative expression.
Industrial property objects may be found all over the place. This category encompasses all inventions. A procedure or a product that provides a new method of doing something or a new solution to a problem has been classified as an innovation. Patents provide protection for inventions. A patent allows the proprietor of an invention to register his creation. A patent is valid for 20 years from the date of submitting the application for the invention. After this time period, the innovation becomes public property and is available for commercial use by anybody.
Trade-mark rules safeguard some of the things we use on a daily basis. A trademark, like an idea or an industrial design, can be patented. Words, characters, numbers, drawings, pictures, symbols, and even sounds can be used to create a trade mark. The trademarks not only safeguard the rights of the owner, but they are also essential for the customer to have faith in the goods that he has purchased. Trade-marks are also related with reputation and excellence. Trademarks are typically registered for seven years, but they may be renewed forever by submitting a new application and paying the necessary price.
An article’s design is its aesthetic or decorative component. Patterns, lines, and colours are examples of two-dimensional designs. They can be three-dimensional, such as an article’s surface or form. These designs are intended to make objects appear appealing and lovely. They have a commercial importance as well. The industrial design is protected for these reasons. This design must be registered to protect it against infringement and unauthorised duplication. The protection lasts for five years and may be extended for another 15 years.
Copyrights are granted to creators of literary, musical, and aesthetic works such as songs, musical scores, poetry, paintings, sculpture, films, architecture, maps, and technical drawings, as well as computer programs and databases. Copyrights provide the creator exclusive rights to use or allow others to use their work. Reproduction, copying, publishing, recording, public performance, or adaption in any form is banned. This right gives the creator an economic right to a financial benefit for a period of fifty years following his or her death.
Because a common man’s existence is so tightly related to things and things that are legally protected under intellectual property rights. Copying, imitating, adapting, and unauthorized reproduction of these items without the owner’s consent may be considered a criminal offense. As a result, an ordinary man’s understanding of intellectual property rights is essential.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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