SECURITY CATEGORIES IN INDIA
- SPG (Special Protection Group) category
- Z+ category
- Z category
- Y+ category
- Y category
- X category
Security Provided To Whom & Why ?
In India security is provided to high risk individuals, depending on the threat and its perception. Security is provided to important persons like VVIPs, VIPs, Politicians, Sportsperson, Supreme court and high court judges, service chief of Indian armed forces, high-profile celebrities and businessman having threat to life and prestige.
Security Providing Agencies
SPG ( Special Protection Group), NSG ( National Security Guards), CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) and Police personnel decided by the Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA) based on the inputs of committee consisting of intelligence agencies i.e IB ( intelligence Bureau) .
SPG (Special Protection Group)
SPG is a special protection group which provide security only to the Prime minister of India and their immediate family members. Presently this securityisprovided to Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi.
Originally this SPG was formed in 8th April 1985 by an Act of Parliament of India and trained to provide security and protection to Prime Minister Sri Rajiv Gandhi. But this security was withdrawn after he ceased to be Prime Minister.
Amendment regarding SPG
This Act was amended in the year 1991 after the Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi to provide security to former Prime minister and their immediate family members for a period of 10 years, from the date on which the Prime Minister ceases to hold office and thereafter it was again Amended on 27th November 2019, through SPG amendment bill 2019, which reduced the tenure of SPG service for ex-PM and his family for 5years.
Sonia Gandhi and her children, Rahul Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi, as well as her two children were provided protection for 28years from 1991 to 2019 because two of their family members, former Prime ministers of India Smt. Indira Gandhi (first female PM in India) and Sri. Rajiv Gandhi were assassinated. And after the passing of SPG Amendment Act 2019, their SPG security withdrawn and accorded with Z+ security. PM Narendra Modi’s estranged wife, Jashodaben and mother Heeraben, security were withdrawn under the terms of SPG (Amendment) Act, 2019 because this act mandate to protect incumbent Prime Minister’s parents wife and children i.e immediate family members residing at his official residence.
It is a highest level of security and currently 40 VIPs are under this protection such as Amit Shah, Yogi Adityanath, Uddhav Thackeray , Sonia Gandhi , Rahul Gandhi, and others. Mukesh Ambani also gets Z+ security and became the first industrialist to get this security . They are provided security with 55 personnel including more than 10+ NSG commandos and police personnel .
Z category security is provided to VIPs depending on the decision taken by home ministry . They are provided security with 22 personnel, which includes 4 or 5 NSG commandos and the police personnel.
Recently Suvendu Adhikari was in news for getting Z security in Bengal and Y+ in other States.
Y+ security is provided to VIPs on the decision taken by home ministry, with 11 personnel which includes 2 or 4 commandos and police personnel.
Kangana Ranaut has been accorded with Y+ security, being the first bollywood actress to get this security. Suvendu Adhikari in other states and his father Sisir Kumar Adhikari (MP) and brother Dibyendu Adhikari (MP) in West Bengal is also provided with this security were in news.
Y security is provided to VIPs on the decision of home ministry listed by intelligence agencies consisting of 8 personnel which includes 1 or 2 commandos and police personnel.
Serum institute of India CEO Adar Poonawalla has been accorded with ‘Y’ security because of “potential threats” due to production of COVID-19 Vaccine is in recent news.
X category is a security detail of 2 personnel with only armed police personnel and no commandos. Many people get this category of protection.
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