“Culture does not make people. People make culture. If it is true that the full humanity of women is not our culture, then we can and must make it our culture.”
― Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Daughters under Hindu law were not considered coparcenary until 2005 where the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 (39 of 2005) was instituted to eliminate sexual orientation oppressive arrangements in the Hindu Succession Act, 1956. Under the change, the daughter of a coparcener will by birth become a coparcener by her own doing similarly as the male child. This was a significant development for women in the society who were kept deprived of equal rights and status in the family.
Earlier women did not have absolute rights over their property including Stridhan. Husband used to have a right over it. It was after the Hindu succession act 1956 that women were able to obtain an absolute title over the property.
Stridhan is a property that a lady gets during her lifetime. It is a property implied for her food and upkeep. The property incorporates everything held by her. From old occasions itself, the ladies’ entitlement to property was exceptionally restricted yet the spouses have significant force on every one of the properties and surprisingly in Stridhan.
Before the Hindu succession act 1956 came into play, the property of a woman was divided into two categories which were Stridhan and woman’s estate. Woman’s estate was abolished after 1956.
There was a debate in previous times as to what Stridhan comprises of. Smritkars believed that the Stridhan comprises of properties mostly movable which a woman receives from such as jewelry, dresses, etc. the things a woman receives at the time of her marriage the previous importance of stridhana by the Mitakshara critique is that Stridhan is the thing that was given to ladies by father, mother, spouse, or her sibling or got by her at the marital fire (the wedding fire where the husband take pledges) or introduced on her progression. While the Dayabhaga analysis dismisses the term Stridhan and states that she has all the force upon the property given to her in any event, during the existence of her better half.
Stridhan includes gifts and bequests from relatives, strangers, property acquired by self-exertion and mechanical arts, the property received instead of maintenance This can’t be supposed to be a finished rundown so endowments made after marriage by a lady’s significant other’s relations or parent’s relations and blessings from children and relations got added to the rundown as so did a lot more as can be seen here. The inquiry as to if a specific sort of property gained by a lady was Streedhan or not additionally relied on the source from which the property was procured, the conjugal status of the lady at the hour of securing whether she obtained it during her chastity, means of marriage or widowhood. Blessings and estates from a lady’s relations during womanhood means of marriage or widowhood are all to be understood as her Streedhan.
I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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