The Government of India Act, 1935:- Public Service Commission (Part-3)

Powers provided by the act

The Government of India Act, 1935, gave India a larger measure of autonomy and increased the proportion of Indians in higher Civil Services. As a result of this, the Public Service Commission also advanced in status and prestige. Its constitution and functions were laid down in the Act itself. This ensured the Commission a certain degree of independence from the Executive. The number of Indian members was increased. The number of official members was fixed at one half of its total strength and the term of office of the members was fixed at six years. Although the determination of the conditions of service of the member was still left with the Governor-General, yet the position of the Federal Public Service Commission, as it now began to be called, was far superior to that of its predecessor. “Another advance made under the 1935 Act was the establishment of Public Service Commissions in each Province on exactly the same principles on which the Federal Commission had been constituted. Thus, for the first time, all civil posts in the country were brought under the purview of the Public Service Commissions, except, of course, those which were still tilled in by the Secretary of State in England But the Act imposed one serious limitation upon the powers of the Commission, namely, that the Governor-General or the Governor, as the case might be, could take a post or a category of posts purview of the Public Service Commission. This provision, which has been persisting on to this day, is a serious flaw in the body structure of our Service Commissions which has hampered the growth of normal healthy relations between them and the Government and has crippled their full development as autonomous, but integral, part of the public personnel administrative machinery of the country.”


“It is clear that the Public Service Commission is a constitutional and independent authority and also an important part of our society. It plays a pivotal role in the selection and appointment of persons to public services. The Commission has to perform its functions, and duties in an independent and objective manner uninfluenced by the dictates of any other authority. The Public Service Commission is expected to be fair and impartial and to function free from any influence from any quarter. Unfortunately, these bodies have not always maintained these high standards in some of the States.  I think it is also clear that Independence of the Public Service Commission’s is not an end in itself. It is merely a means to an end, the end being the securing of the services of a competent, honest and fearless body of public spirited  persons which may guard the merit system in public service and may render other expert help in the formulation of personnel policy by the Government. For this, it is necessary that the candidates for the membership of the Commissions should possess broad qualifications of a personal and professional types. The government of India Act, 1935 helps a lot to make this commission successful and powerful so that it could become a best commission.”

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

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Mom and Co – Aishwarya Sandeep

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