What Indian Laws say about Discrimination

Article 14 of the Indian Constitution states that

Equality before law The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth

Article 15 of the Indian Constitution States that

15. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth

(1) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them

(2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to

(a) access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and palaces of public entertainment; or

(b) the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public

(3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children

(4) Nothing in this article or in clause ( 2 ) of Article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

Discrimination basically means treating someone inappropriate and in a partial manner, there are various International organizations which want to deal with the issue from the ground level, but facing a failure in completely terminate this horrible practice from the society

  • United Nation High Commissioner for Human Right
  • International Human Rights Commission

The government will recognize the particular groups of section, say women, now society will feel that it is the weaker section, so government recognized it and makes specific provisions for their protection, the sections which are not covered in the eyes of government to get protection will treat women as weak and partial section of the society and this is how the boost in discrimination issues arise every day.

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Daily life examples can be if women drives an OLA Cabs to earn daily bread, or she become the ticket collector in Trains, people will find it strange, and this how the discrimination in opportunities comes into picture, that what is the eligibilility of a male to get promotion and what of female, who is satisfying the seat is not the question or who is eligible whether male or female is question, and women are consider as weak and partial section of society so people will deal them accordingly and mistreat them, the reason of which the sex-ratio, the more suicidal attempts, domestic violence, rapes etc.

Bhraman were considered as the upper caste of the society and Shudra were considered as lower, dirty, untouchables section of the society, the discrimination of this type is deep rooted in India from the time immemorial. However, laws like ‘The Protection of Civil Rights Act’ and ‘Representation of Women Prohibition Act’ specifically pass for the requiring sections of society, also Anti Discrimination Laws were made to eliminate each type of discrimination.

Conclusion

In the following article, it is concluded, what the discrimination is and what types of discrimination prevails in society and what steps are at international and national level has been taken till date, also to make everyone equal, discrimination laws to made in such ways that it becomes anti-discrimantory.

Aishwarya Says:

I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.

If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.

Do follow me on FacebookTwitter  Youtube and Instagram.

The copyright of this Article belongs exclusively to Ms. Aishwarya Sandeep. Reproduction of the same, without permission will amount to Copyright Infringement. Appropriate Legal Action under the Indian Laws will be taken.

If you would also like to contribute to my website, then do share your articles or poems at adv.aishwaryasandeep@gmail.com

We also have a Facebook Group Restarter Moms for Mothers or Women who would like to rejoin their careers post a career break or women who are enterpreneurs.

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