Cruelty under Hindu Marriage Act


The idea of cruelty incorporates mental just as physical brutality. The physical cruelty implies when one mate beats or makes any real injury the other companion. Be that as it may, the idea of mental cruelty was included as the life partner can likewise be intellectually tormented by the other companion. Mental Cruelty is absence of graciousness which antagonistically influences the health of the individual. Well it is anything but difficult to decide the idea of physical cruelty yet hard to state about mental cruelty

What is considered as Mental Cruelty against Husband by spouse:

  • Embarrassing the spouse before his loved ones.
  • Undertaking the end of pregnancy without spouse assent.
  • Making bogus claim against him.
  • Refusal for Martial Physical Relationship without a legitimate explanation.
  • Spouse having illicit relationship.
  • Spouse carrying on with an unethical life.
  • The steady interest for cash.
  • Forceful and wild conduct of Wife.
  • Abuse to the spouse guardians and family.

In Balram Prajapati versus Susheela Bai 23 April 2003, the petitioner recorded the divorce appeal against his better half on the ground of mental cruelty. He demonstrated that his better half that conducts with him and his parents was Aggressive and wild and commonly she recorded the bogus grievance against her significant other. The court acknowledges the appeal and awards the divorce on the ground of cruelty.

What considered as Mental Cruelty against spouse by Husband?

  • Unfounded allegation of adultery.
  • The interest for dowry.
  • Impotency of Husband.
  • Force to abort the child.
  • The issue of drunkenness of husband
  • Spouse having illicit relationships.
  • The spouse carries on with an indecent life.
  • Forceful and wild conduct of the spouse.
  • Mortifying the spouse before loved ones


Departure implies the perpetual deserting of one life partner by the other mate with no sensible avocation and without his assent. In General the dismissal of the commitments of marriage by one gathering.


  • Permanent abandonment of the other spouse.
  • Dismissal of the commitment of marriage.
  • With no reasonable justification.
  • No assent of another life partner.

In Bipin Chander Jaisinghbhai Shah vs Prabhawati on 19 October, 1956 1957 AIR 176, 1956 SCR 838, the respondent goes out with the aim to relinquish his significant other. Later the spouse moves toward the court, however the litigant demonstrated that despite the fact that he went out with the goal to abandon, yet he attempted to return and he was kept from doing as such by the applicant. Here, the respondent can’t be held at risk for abandonment.


In the event that one of the mates changes his religion over to some other religion without the assent of the other companion, at that point the other life partner can move toward the court and look for the cure of separation. A, a Hindu has a spouse B and two kids. One day A went to church and changed over to Christianity without the assent of B, here B can move toward the court and look for separate on the ground of transformation.

In Suresh Babu v. Leela on 11 August, 2006 (3) KLT 891, the spouse changes over himself into Muslim and weds another lady. Here the spouse Leela recorded a case and requested the divorce on the ground of change without her consent and cruelty.  

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