WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, DO HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
These above written lines must be familiar to all those who have passed their matriculation examination and have received secondary school certificate (SSC). This is something we are taught in our 6th or 7th grade but during that topic and course, we find it so boring that hardly any attention is paid by any student during that session. So, it’s self-evident that majority of us tend to skip or miss on such a vital information which is necessary for each Indian citizen to have knowledge of. Yes, I’m talking about the Indian Constitution- Our Constitution and about its one of the most crucial part i.e. PREAMBLE.
The Constitution of India came into force on 26th January, 1950. At the time of its adoption, the Constitution contained 395 Articles and 8 Schedules and was about 145,000 words long, making it the longest national Constitution to ever be adopted. Every Article in the Constitution was debated by the members of the Constituent Assembly, who sat for 11 sessions and 167 days to frame the Constitution, over a period of 2 years and 11 months.
Today on one of the pivotal days that marks the substantiveness of Indian history, we will be looking into and talking of our great Preamble which after lots of confusion and discussion about it being a part of the constitution or not and for which different judgments had been passed theorising different views making each case one of its kind. But it was in 1973, when a Hindu monk named Kesavananda Bharti Sripadagalvaru had moved the top court on 21 March 1970 against the land reforms law passed by the Kerala government with an objective to distribute land among landless farmers and alsochallenged the three Constitutional amendments — 24, 25 and 29 — passed by the Indira Gandhi government to give Parliament the power to alter fundamental rights.
What is a Preamble?
The ‘Preamble’ of the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement that sets out the guiding purpose and principles of the document, and it indicates the source from which the document derives its authority, meaning- the people. It was adopted on 26 November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India and came into effect on 26th January 1950. The preamble basically gives idea of the following things/objects: Source of the Constitution, Nature of Indian State, Statement of its objectives and Date of its adoption.
The ideals behind the Preamble to India’s Constitution were laid down by Jawahar Lal’s Objectives Resolution, adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947. Although not enforceable in court, the Preamble states the objects of the Constitution, and acts as an aid during the interpretation of Articles when language is found ambiguous.
Components of Preamble
- It is indicated by the Preamble that the source of authority of the Constitution lies with the people of India.
- Preamble declares India to be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic and Republic.
- The objectives stated by the Preamble are to secure justice, liberty, equality to all citizens and promote fraternity to maintain unity and integrity of the nation.
- The date of adoption of preamble is mentioned i.e. November 26, 1949.
Image Source: The times of India
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I have always been against Glorifying Over Work and therefore, in the year 2021, I have decided to launch this campaign “Balancing Life”and talk about this wrong practice, that we have been following since last few years. I will be talking to and interviewing around 1 lakh people in the coming 2021 and publish their interview regarding their opinion on glamourising Over Work.
If you are interested in participating in the same, do let me know.
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