Cyber Crime During Pandemic

 The coronavirus Covid-19 pandemic is the defining global health crisis of our time and the greatest challenge we have faced since World War II. The pandemic is moving like a wave- and creating fear everywhere, but the health is not only the darker side of society, some other problems are coming along with this and our society is badly affected by it. In a bunch of crises and problems, one of the biggest problems our society is facing is that of Cybercrime. The speaker explains about the Routine Activity Theory i.e.  there’s a motivated offender who do crime where there’s an absence of guardian or where’s a suitable target i.e. what is the value of the target and what his/her ability to retaliate. This webinar also explains the cyber crime in Situational context. There’s already fear, panic and lockdown because of pandemic and with increase in cyber crime the fear and panic has increased so much. This crime has also increased because now people work from home which decrease every chance of crime physically and with the increase use of cyberspace like B2B, B2C, G2C the cyber crime increased to different extent. With increase in cybercrime the cyber crime trends has also increased like phishing, information stealing Trojans, ransom ware attacks, target teleworkers etc. Cyber crime has also been discussed from the international context like fake versions of fund collection websites. This webinar also explains how to set a strong password so that it can reduce the chance of  cyber crime. Even though it is next to impossible to decrease the risk of being attacked but we can use some measures to keep ourselves safe.

Guidelines That Help To Keep Safe While Using Internet:-

  • Do not share Net banking password and OTP, ATM, or Phone Banking pin, CVV no. etc with any person even if he/she claims to be an employee or representative of the Bank and also report such incident to the bank ASAP.
  • Always ensure all devices and accounts and protected by a strong pin or passcode and never share with anyone.
  • Always download software or application from known and trusted sources only, never use pirated software for a personal device.
  • Avoid downloading email attachments received in email box from unknown or untrusted sources
  • While using social media restrict your profile access.
  • Ensure your information photos and videos are accessible to your trusted ones.
  • Be careful while updating photos on social media which shows the location where frequently visits as stalker may keep tabs on that.
  • Protect devices through security software such as antivirus with the latest version.

There’s so much increase in phishing like there’s impersonation of WHO and other organisational websites which mislead the person by exactly looking like the original website.  Then there’s fake online pharmacies  which is just opened for the money and fake online shops like there’s a fake online shop which shows the pictures of wine shop in Guhwati. During the coronavirus pandemic everyone is maintaining social distancing as well as contactless transactions. Therefore digital transactions are becoming so popular such as payment to the shopkeeper, while purchasing vegetables and fruits, payments of electricity, bills of phone and water Etc. and many such types of payments can be done through digital payment. Recently there’s one person who did some online payment through his credit card and on the next day of his payment he received a message from the appropriate bank that there has been deduction of some amount from his credit card however the shocking news was that he did not do that transaction. That means firstly deduction of Rs. 1 and secondly Rs.8000/- without the consent of the cardholder. No OTP, no password was asked by the bank and in few second frauds of Rs. 8000 had been done on the Internet. My friend is a victim of online transaction fraud. Hence, Although the risk of being attacked will remain, some mitigation measures may help users and employers. For the users, it is recommended to be very vigilant about phishing emails and websites, practice good cyber hygiene, use only trusted Wi-Fi networks, and consider adopting a password manager to help to avoid using the same password for multiple websites. Finally, it is recommendable that they provide employees with appropriate courses to enhance their cyber-security knowledge.

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