This year we would be celebrating our 70th Republic Day, as a State, as a Nation. Here are a few facts about Republic Day that every Indian ought to know:
Every since our school days, we have been told that on the Republic Day, we adopted our Indian Constitution, but that is not true. Our Constitution was adopted on November 26th, 1949 and therefore the said day is called as Constitution Day. Though it is barely celebrated, the way it should have been celebrated.
We got freedom from the British on 15th August, 1947, yet we were only Independent. As a Nation, a lot of task was yet to be completed before we could become a fully functioning country. The Preamble of our Indian Constitution describes India as a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic and Republic Country. In a Republic Country the Power is held by the person, who is elected by the Citizens of that country and not by a Monarch. The representatives of people are elected through a democratic procedure i.e. by Elections, who then run the Country, adhering to the principles laid down by the Constitution of India.
Quiet often we use these terminologies for India, but do we actually know the difference between all three ?
Nation – A Nation is a large body of people united by common descent, history, culture, or language, inhabiting a particular country or territory.
State – A society of men established for the maintenance of order and justice within a determined territory, by way of force. – Salmond.
Country- a territory distinguished by its people, culture, language, geography etc.
It is important that we understand the importance of India being a Republic Country from almost 7 decades and appreciate the fact that we have one of the longest Constitution in the World. Our Indian Constitution is adopted from different Constitutions across the world and talks about our Fundamental Rights as well as our Fundamental Duties. The Indian Constitution is like the universe of Laws. Any law that has to be formed or adopted, should be within the parameters of the Indian Constitution, anything beyond that would be illegal and cannot be a part of our parliament or Judiciary.
Our Constitution also has its own set of loopholes, and has also go through several amendments, in the past and may go through several amendments (changes) in the future also. Art. 35 and Art. 379 (related to Kashmir) are presently the most debated articles at present.
You may also be interested to read:- https://aishwaryasandeep.com/2019/01/25/republicday/
The tragic part of our today’s generation is, we choose to blindly follow whatever, the media tells us. Indian Constitution, if studied properly and interpreted by majority, can help us challenge all the present problems. Instead of reading the basics of law, we prefer to rely on the media and adapt their half baked principles.
A humble request to all Indians, is appreciate the true meaning of being Republic, and stop being a part of the hate wagon, just because some political party is using the media to do so. Before you appreciate or criticize anyone or any principle just take a little effort to read your basics on the Indian Constitution.
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